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"); parent.frames[0].document.writeln ("
"); parent.frames[0].document.writeln (Feedback); parent.frames[0].document.writeln ("
"); parent.frames[0].document.close(); } function Cheat(){ CurrentAnswers = new Array(4); CorrectBits = new Array(4); var CurrentAnswer = FindCurrent(); if (CurrentAnswer == -1) { return; } CurrentAnswers[1] = AnswerList[(CurrentAnswer * 4) + 1]; CurrentAnswers[2] = AnswerList[(CurrentAnswer * 4) + 2]; CurrentAnswers[3] = AnswerList[(CurrentAnswer * 4) + 3]; CurrentAnswers[4] = AnswerList[(CurrentAnswer * 4) + 4]; CorrectBits[1] = CheckBeginning(document.cloze.elements[CurrentAnswer].value, CurrentAnswers[1]); CorrectBits[2] = CheckBeginning(document.cloze.elements[CurrentAnswer].value, CurrentAnswers[2]); CorrectBits[3] = CheckBeginning(document.cloze.elements[CurrentAnswer].value, CurrentAnswers[3]); CorrectBits[4] = CheckBeginning(document.cloze.elements[CurrentAnswer].value, CurrentAnswers[4]); Longest = FindLongest(CorrectBits[1], CorrectBits[2], CorrectBits[3], CorrectBits[4]); document.cloze.elements[CurrentAnswer].value = CorrectBits[Longest]; WriteFeedback(GiveHint); } function TrackFocus(BoxNumber){ CurrentWord = BoxNumber; } function CheckBeginning(Guess, Answer){ var OutString = ''; var i = 0; var UpperGuess = ''; var UpperAnswer = ''; if (CaseSensitive == 'False') { UpperGuess = ConvertCase(Guess, 1); UpperAnswer = ConvertCase(Answer, 1); } else { UpperGuess = Guess; UpperAnswer = Answer; } while (UpperGuess.charAt(i) == UpperAnswer.charAt(i)) { OutString += Guess.charAt(i); i++; } OutString += Answer.charAt(i); return OutString; } function CheckAnswer(Guess, AnsNum){ if (CaseSensitive == 'True'){ if ((Guess == AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 1]) || (Guess == AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 2]) || (Guess == AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 3]) || (Guess == AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 4])) { return true; } else { return false; } } else{ Guess = ConvertCase(Guess, 1); if ((Guess == ConvertCase(AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 1], 1)) || (Guess == ConvertCase(AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 2], 1)) || (Guess == ConvertCase(AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 3], 1)) || (Guess == ConvertCase(AnswerList[(AnsNum * 4) + 4], 1))) { return true; } else { return false; } } } function FindCurrent() { var FoundCurrent = -1; var x = 0; if (CheckAnswer(document.cloze.elements[CurrentWord].value, CurrentWord) == false) { FoundCurrent = CurrentWord; } else { x=CurrentWord + 1; while ((FoundCurrent == -1) && (x= LongString.length){ Longest = 3; LongString = Third; } if (Second.length >= LongString.length){ Longest = 2; LongString = Second; } if (First.length >= LongString.length){ Longest = 1; LongString = First; } return Longest; }

Capital Punishment

Gap-Fill Exercise


CAPITAL PUNISHMENT, legal infliction of the death ; in modern law, corporal punishment in its most form. Lynching, in contrast to capital punishment, is the unauthorized, use of death as a punishment. The usual is long-term or life imprisonment. of capital punishment. It was mentioned in the Code of Hammurabi (1750 bc ). The Bible prescribed death as the penalty for more than 30 different crimes, ranging from murder (see Exod. 21:12) to fornication (see Deut. 22:13). The Draconian Code of ancient Greece imposed capital punishment for every offense.. By the end of the 15th century, English law seven major crimes: treason (grand and petty), murder, larceny, burglary, rape, and arson. By 1800, more than 200 capital were recognized, and as a result, 1000 or more persons were to death each year (although most sentences were commuted by royal pardon). In the American colonies before the Revolution, the death penalty was commonly for a wide variety of crimes. Blacks, whether slave or free, were threatened with death for many crimes that were punished less when committed by whites. the death penalty did not gather until the end of the 18th century; in England and America this reform was led by the Quakers (Society of Friends). In Europe, a short treatise, On Crimes and Punishments (1764), by the Italian jurist Cesare Beccaria, inspired influential thinkers such as the French philosopher Voltaire to torture, flogging, and the death penalty. Encouraged by the writings of the philosopher Jeremy Bentham, England all but a few of its capital statutes during the 19th century. Several states in the U. S. (led by Michigan in 1847) and a few countries (beginning with Venezuela in 1853 and Portugal in 1867) abolished the death penalty entirely.